The infamous ‘doggie smell’ can be unpleasant for your family and embarrassing when you have visitors. Here are 11 practical tips for reducing or eliminating those nasty odors.
Regular cleaning is essential if you want to keep bad odors away. It’s not just the frequency of cleaning that makes the difference though – it’s also where and how you clean.
The good news is that there are plenty of simple tips you can use to get rid of dog smells. Here are 11 of our favorites to keep your house smelling as fresh and odor-free as possible.
A lingering doggie smell can either come from the dog themselves, or from odors embedded into soft furnishings and flooring. In many cases, it’ll be a combination of the two.
All dogs have a natural odor that’s secreted from glands across their body. The bulk of these are in paws, around the anus, and in footpads. Many owners comment on how their dog’s paws smell like Fritos!
Some dogs have stronger odors than others though. These include:
Even the cleanest dogs eventually start to smell as oil and dirt builds up in their coat. Having a regular grooming regime and giving your dog occasional baths with a high-quality odor control shampoo can prevent this.
While it’s often easy to notice when your dog smells bad, odors can also become embedded in soft furnishings and flooring around the house. This is due to drool, hair, dander, coat oils and saliva becoming absorbed into fabrics and crevices.
These odors are often more difficult to pinpoint and remove. Over time, they start to permeate the home, which is why doggie smells can remain even after bathing your dog.
Of course, if you have a puppy, elderly dog, or a pet who isn’t house trained, indoor accidents are also a major source of bad odors. Urine can be tricky to remove, and if you don’t tackle the clean up thoroughly, overpowering smells can begin to emanate from those spots. These smells also encourage your dog to return to the same spot.
Regular cleaning is the best way to minimise dog smells in your home. It’s important to clean everywhere your dog goes, even if there’s no visible soiling, as dogs continuously shed hair, dander, and oils.
It’s amazing how much of a difference simply opening the windows in your home can make to the odors inside. This is especially true if you live in a house with lots of family members, poor ventilation, or in a humid climate.
Circulating fresher air isn’t only good for our lungs and our cognitive functions, but it can also help to dissipate general doggy odors. Opening the windows in more than one room will help to circulate the air more effectively.
Admittedly, this isn’t going to be a magic cure. For deeply embedded odors, you’ll need to take more proactive measures. But, when the weather is mild enough, this can be enough to give the house a pleasant freshen up.
A dog’s bed is often the strongest source of doggie odors. This isn’t surprising, as beds are constantly exposed to hair, dander, oils and even urine. When combined with a damp post-walk dog, beds become the perfect environment for bacteria and mold.
For this reason, it’s a good idea to wash your dog’s bed at least once every two weeks. If your dog sheds a lot, goes on muddy walks, or is highly active, then you may want to wash the bed weekly.
Soft beds tend to absorb odors faster than other types. Many have foam mattresses which can’t easily be cleaned, so it’s vital that these are protected. Look for soft beds with durable and waterproof covers that can be machine-washed, as this makes it easier to keep the bed clean.
Raised beds are less likely to absorb odors. They can be hosed down in the garden and don’t hold onto moisture. However, not all dogs enjoy this rigid bed style, and you’ll still need to provide a soft blanket which must be washed.
If your dog is an excessive shedder, you may want to hoover the bed first to remove any excess hairs. Alternatively, you could pop it in a mesh bag to prevent them from clogging up the filter in your washing machine.
For dogs that like to sleep on your bed or the sofa, make sure you cover it with a blanket that can be popped in the wash every week.
A 2011 study found that pet toys are among the top 10 dirtiest things in the average household.
Saliva, food and general muck can build up on toys over time. As well as being a reservoir for pungent odors, the resulting bacteria can be a health hazard.
Getting into a habit of cleaning toys each week is recommended. Hard toys can be cleaned with hot soapy water or a white distilled vinegar solution, before being thoroughly rinsed. Soft toys can usually be machine washed, and you can add a little baking soda to absorb stinky odors.
Make sure the toys are dry before being stuffed in a toy box. If they’re stored when damp, mold may start to form.
Note: Dog bowls are even dirtier than toys, so make sure you clean them regularly. Drinking or eating from a bowl that’s filled with bacteria could cause your dog to suffer from acne around the mouth and lead to stomach upsets.
If you have carpets or rugs in your home, vacuuming at least twice a week will help to keep odors at bay. Dust, dirt, dander and dog hairs get caught in carpet fibres, making them start to smell much more quickly than hard floors or tiles.
Don’t forget to vacuum sofas, carpeted stairs, curtains and other soft furnishings. Any fabric in the home can harbour doggie smells, although the worst offenders are those your pet has direct contact with.
A powerful pet vacuum is nearly always a good investment, especially if you have a dog that sheds a lot. These have stronger suction and brushes designed to lift dog hair more effectively. Many also come with pet tools for tackling sofas and other awkward locations.
Tip: Make sure you regularly clean your vacuum’s filter. Clogged filters reduce suction power and make the vacuum less effective.
Hardwood floors might not gather hairs and dander like carpets, but they still need to be cleaned. Material can settle into floorboard gaps, become stuck between tiles, and form into stinky ‘dust bunny’ balls.
Vacuuming is the easiest way to prevent odorous material from building up on hard floors. Don’t forget to use the hose extension for dust bunnies that can gather underneath furniture and in hard-to-reach corners.
You should also wash the floors using an absorbent mop. Make sure you only use dog-safe cleaning products though. Even after the floor has dried, traces of the cleaner can be picked up on your dog’s paws and licked off.
Note: Make sure you check which types of cleaners are safe for your floor. Vinegar solutions, for example, shouldn’t be applied to unsealed stone tiles like marble or limestone.
If you have a patch of carpet with a noticeable smell, then vacuuming isn’t going to remove the odor. Instead, you can use baking soda to neutralise the odor.
There have been numerous studies which have shown the efficacy of baking soda as a cleaner and odor absorber, plus it’s safe to use around dogs.
Sprinkle a light coating of baking soda over the patch and let it sit for a couple of hours before vacuuming it up. The baking soda should absorb the odor, leaving behind a fresh smelling carpet.
It’s important to regularly clean your dog’s crate – especially if he sleeps in it overnight. Hair and dirt often fall underneath bedding, allowing bacteria to grow and odors to develop.
Make sure you only use a dog-safe and natural cleaning product, then rinse the crate off outside. Remember to lift out the tray and wash this too. After cleaning, ensure all the cleaner has been rinsed off and that the crate is dry before your dog re-enters.
Don’t forget to clean the area around the crate too. This is often a prime place for balls of hair and dust to gather.
Urine patches on carpets are one of the most common reasons for bad odors in the home. If not cleaned correctly, the odor may gradually get worse. Old urine patches can also encourage your dog to toilet in the same place.
Unfortunately, cleaning with water isn’t enough, as uric acid isn’t water-soluble. You may think you have cleaned the accident, but when the uric acid crystallizes and the water evaporates, bacteria will begin to form and concentrated ammonia will be left behind. This emits a pungent, foul odor and results in unsightly brown staining.
To ensure the urine is cleaned properly, make sure you use an enzymatic stain and odor remover. These contain enzymes that break down the uric acid and eliminate odors.
For best results, the area should be saturated and the product allowed to work for a while before blotting. Repeat applications can be required for badly affected areas.
If you can smell urine, but you’re not sure where your dog has had their accident, use an ultraviolet stain detection torch to locate the spot. When these are turned on, any urine patches show up in an obvious fluorescent color.
In an emergency situation, if you don’t have an enzymatic cleaner, you could use a mix of baking soda and vinegar. When used together, these ingredients create fizzy carbonic acid and sodium acetate. Although this won’t be as effective at breaking down the uric acid, it’s a helpful and safe home remedy.
After blotting up as much of the urine as possible, sprinkle baking soda over the wet area. You can then apply a half and half mixture of vinegar and water. If you do this from a spray bottle, you can avoid over-soaking the patch.
Leave the solution on the stain for at least an hour until it has dried out. Before vacuuming the area, it can be helpful to brush the baking soda to make it easier to lift up.
Always test a new solution on a small patch of hidden carpet first though. You don’t want to accidentally stain a large area of carpet!
Air purifiers are designed to remove dust, bacteria and other particles from the air. They can be effective for helping tackle doggy odors too.
When selecting a purifier for a doggy household, make sure you opt for one with an activated charcoal filter. The more common HEPA varieties will help deal with pet dander. They can’t, however, absorb the smaller Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), like those responsible for many pet odors.
While regular vacuuming is good practice, having your carpets steam cleaned once or twice a year is a dog-safe way to kill remaining bacteria and fungus. It’s also effective as a treatment for home flea infestations, and can reduce the amount of allergens in the environment.
Although it won’t necessarily remove stains, steam cleaning lifts away embedded grime without the use of harsh chemicals. Your entire carpet should be left smelling fresh.
It’s possible to buy your own steam cleaner or hire one, but care should be taken to ensure it’s used properly. It can be easy to leave the carpet overly wet, and this can lead to a further build-up of mold or fungus. Opting to have professionals come to your home can be the most convenient and effective option.
Some dogs like to lie against the walls. Some may even urinate against them before they are fully housetrained! Taking the time to clean skirting boards and walls can remove dirt, bacteria, and other substances that might cause odors.
You may find certain areas need more attention than others. Utility rooms or porches might get sprayed with damp dog hairs when they shake off after a wet walk. If your dog is a drooler, when they shake, the saliva could travel up the walls too.
If your dog has urinated on the walls, they may have saturated them, and no amount of cleaning will completely get rid of the smells. In these instances, the best course of action would be to repaint the area – preferably with an odor-sealant variety.
While doggie odors are unavoidable in a home with dogs, there are many ways to make them less noticeable. The tips in this article are a great place to start.
Of course, make sure that all the cleaning products you use are safe for dogs. Many chemical cleaners are toxic to dogs, so look for natural and safe alternatives.
Do you have any questions about removing a dog smell in the house? Or do you have a tip that we haven’t included? Let us know in the comments section!
Gemma is a freelance writer and official dog nut. With 15 years of experience in the pet industry, she is a passionate animal welfare advocate. She has worked for the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, ran her own specialist dog shop for ten years, has volunteered for her local rescue shelter, and is studying towards completing an Advanced Diploma in Canine Behaviour. Gemma is currently travelling around Europe with her wonderful rescue dog, Annie.